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Research Aquaculture Presentation
Aquaculture

Research

Aquaculture

Coordinator: Dr. Pedro Cruz Hernández

Thanks for visiting the webpage of the Aquaculture Program at CIBNOR. Here you will find information related to aquaculture research, development of human resources, and academic liaison with the economic sector. Our research program is one the largest and with the major experience in Latin America in the forefront in high-valued species research. We invite you to visit the pages of our Strategic Lines of research, as well as those of the participating researchers in the Program. Here you will find information of interest to your study needs or to participate in research and liaison.  Any questions or comments please click on the following link.

NATIONAL CONTEXT

In the last years, it has been necessary to search for sources that boost the development of aquaculture activities to contribute with economic and social growth in the country according to the National Development Plan (PND, for its abbreviation in Spanish), in which establishing conditions for state of the art technology in Mexico is strategic. Likewise, the PND points out that not taking advantage of new technologies or contributing to their development would not only imply setting aside a significant source of structural development but would also have an impact on Mexican economy competitiveness.

Aquaculture has turned out to be one of the most important food production activities at world level. The priority of covering food needs for the population increases rapidly and with it the need to do it sustainably. In the economic aspect, aquaculture represents a very important activity because it constitutes a source of employment, currency, and decreases import of aquaculture products (tilapia and other Asian fish). The main example of aquaculture impact in Mexico would be reducing import of more than 39,000 t of tilapia (sold as ‘white Nile fish’) coming mainly from China or more than 47,000 t of basa fish coming from Vietnam. It implies that around 3,100 million pesos are paid to foreign producers for these resources because national production is insufficient.

In México, food assurance is a high priority. On the one hand, we have malnutrition that prevails in the population of the extreme poverty sector. On the other hand, we have reached the first place in overweight at world level. These problems could be solved partially by a substantial increase in fish and seafood consumption, whose nutritional value is related mainly with their nutrimental quality. The consumption of these products would contribute to decrease problems associated to overweight and an unbalanced diet, such as the development of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Similarly, good cultivation practices together with a rigorous monitoring allow having products certified by Aquaculture Health and Innocuousness.

RESEARCH

The Aquaculture Program at CIBNOR focuses mainly on research for technology development and improvement of aquatic organism culture to boost the production of species with high nutritional, economic, or ecological value. Four Strategic Lines of Research that group substantial activities of the program representing the priorities of scientific work in aquaculture at national level according to the Rector Plan of Fishing and Aquaculture. The Program has experimental laboratories for scientific work in different areas as nutrition, genetic improvement, health and pathology, reproduction and physiology, as well as culture technology development. The multidisciplinary group of the Aquaculture Program Researchers is the most important with respect to staff and infrastructure in Latin America, placing it among the best in the world in research of commercially important species together with other institutions and universities in countries as Australia, Chile, France, and the United States of America. The program deals currently with 62 projects of basic and applied research, the majority of them in collaboration with national and international institutions and with the participation of the public, private, and social sectors. The researchers are assisted by specialized technician in different fields of work that comprise 3.5 ha of coastal ponds, 2 supralittoral ponds of 1000 m2, 16 supralittoral ponds of 80 m2, 18 aquaculture laboratories, and 7 analytical laboratories.

DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIALIZED HUMAN RESOURCES

In the research performed in the Aquaculture Program, there is an active participation of both Mexican and foreign students, thus fulfilling an important institutional commitment in developing human resources coordinated by the Director’s Office of Graduate Studies at CIBNOR. In 2013, 31 students from external institutions and in the Graduate Studies Program at CIBNOR completed their bachelor´s, master´s, and doctoral studies.

Written by Dr. Pedro Cruz Hernández   
Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 April 2015 09:45
 
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Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C.