This line studies the participation of beneficial soil microorganisms associated
to wild plants and those of agricultural interest to solve environmental
problems. It is based on the record that plant growth promoting bacteria have
been used exclusively for agricultural purposes.
However, the proposal considers that their potential use in fields, different to agriculture, is immense.
These bacteria can be used for increasing micro-algal growth and for their
efficiency in the removal of organic compounds of sewage water; they can also
improve mangrove tree reforestation because of their massive growth in the
peripheral area of the root by supplying the plant with the required
bio-fertilizers for its growth.
Likewise, bacteria can prevent soil erosion by improving survival possibilities
in small cacti, which serve as soil stabilizers. At the same time, this line generates scientific knowledge in preserving the
integral good working order of the environment by developing human resources and
liaisons with the following sectors: agriculture, private initiative, and
governmental organisms. It also contributes with solutions for the sustainable
development and better use of natural resources. Its objective is to establish
the basis of knowledge to recover, preserve, and integrally exploit
water-soil-plant natural resources of the region by incorporating microorganisms
as bio-fertilizers and soil bio-developers, which make rocks soluble through
biological processes. It also generates technological development that assures
the sustainable use of these resources for future generations and improves daily
life of the population.
Life in arid and semiarid areas of the
northwestern region confronts problems associated to geographic, soil, and
climate conditions, as well as to the continuous tendency towards
desertification, lack of water, dust pollution, and soil salinity that
characterize them. Given this situation, it is necessary to offer solutions to
insure life quality in the region by restoring, preserving and using the most
basic resources that the land has, soil, water, and the environment.